A Genetic Algorithm is a method of design using a code, and an evolution system (survival of the fittest- gene/individual/population).
If you are interested in this area - I must highly recommend Richard Dawkins Selfish Gene.
OrionRobots is conducting research into this area. I will put some of my more simple examples of code on the site in the future.
|The Philosophy of Artificial Life||Margaret A. Boden||This book has some excellent coverage of evolutionary biology, and explores many other artificial life areas as well - such ass cost based systems. This book could well allow someone to combine GA's and BEAM principles for some truly awesome behaviour from cheap, low power bots. I refer back to this regularly during my research.|
|The Selfish Gene||Richard Dawkins||This book comes highly recommended. This is a highly acclaimed - yet controversial book - which any person investigating the nature of genes should read at least once.|
|The Blind Watchmaker (Penguin Science)||Richard Dawkins||Although not officially a sequel title(that goes to "The Extended Phenotype") - this actually dives right into Genetic Algorithms, and even shows some interesting geometric forms based upon the principle.|